The three-year project by Marquette biologists found that the amount of carbon absorbed in a tropical forest in Panama decreased by 76 percent per year when the woody vines, called lianas, were present. The scientists said lianas could reduce storage of carbon by 35 percent in tropical forests over the next 50 years.
Tropical forests account for one-third of the carbon fixed by photosynthesis, acting as a major sink in the global carbon cycle.
The fair trade movement looks to rectify wage inequity for developing nation farmers, teaching sustainable farming techniques and cutting out profit-oriented middlemen as much as possible. In the international market, coffee is the second most widely traded commodity in the world, yet is also an industry known for a highly impoverished developing nation labor force, with fluctuating prices and difficult economic conditions to make a significant living. Other commodities, such as cocoa, sugar and fresh fruit, are similarly subject to issues of wage inequity and destitute living conditions for farmers.
On September 19th, Marquette University inaugurated its twenty-fourth and first lay president, Dr. Michael R. Lovell. In the earliest days of his presidency, President Lovell has articulated that the University will build off of its strong pockets of applied research to become a leader in innovation and entrepreneurship.
In keeping with its Catholic, Jesuit mission, the research clusters will focus on areas that have the potential to address global issues and segments of the world’s population most in need. One such area the area that the University will focus on is clean water.
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